Unit Linked Insurance Plan (ULIP) is a single plan that caters to your two financial needs. It provides life insurance with an investment aspect in the same project. You must pay premiums on your ULIP, similar to any other life insurance. The tips you pay are then used to provide you with a life cover and to invest in funds of your choice.
It provides security to your loved ones and multiplies your investment returns. In case of your unfortunate demise, the nominee will receive the death benefit from the ULIP. The amount is the sum assured or the fund value of your ULIP, whichever is higher. It comprises the amount you invested and the returns you earned. Also, you receive maturity benefits when you survive the ULIP period. One of the unique ULIP benefits is that you can choose your funds and switch your fund allocation anytime you want.
Once you understand the structure of your plan, it is important to understand the tax implication of your project. Being an investor, knowing the ULIP tax benefits is as important as knowing the returns of your project. Since the structure of ULIP is unique, where you get life insurance and investment opportunities in a single plan, it offers several tax benefits.
The structure of a ULIP is designed so that the plan offers tax benefits on multiple levels of the policy. Here are the tax benefits of a ULIP on different levels:
You can avail of the tax deduction on the compensation you pay for your ULIP under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. You purchase a ULIP by paying premiums toward it. Whether you pay your monthly, quarterly, or yearly premiums, you can claim the deduction for it while doing the taxes. The tax deductions can be claimed for up to Rs 1,50,000 in a given financial year.
Your ULIP benefits depend on your chosen funds and the returns you earn. The tax deduction you can claim when your ULIP matures relies on the type of funds you have invested in and the proportions of it. You can invest in debt, equity, or balanced funds based on your risk appetite.
If your ULIP comprises over 65% fund allocation in equity, your fund will be treated as an equity fund and be taxed accordingly. Any equity fund that is above Rs 1,00,000 is directly subject to taxation. According to Section 112A of the Income Tax Act, a 10% direct tax rate is imposed on any profits you make through equity funds. While according to the same Section 111A, any profits earned from debt funds are subjected to a direct tax of 20%.
According to the Union Budget of 2021, if the premium of your ULIP plan exceeds Rs 2,50,00, any gains from the plan will be treated as capital gains and directly charged a 10% tax on maturity. These charges only apply to any ULIPs purchased after the 1st of February 2021. Section 111A and 112B apply when you redeem your maturity amount. Also, according to the latest amendment, when one saves their ULIP, a Security Transaction Tax (STT) applies. The basic meaning of this change is that ULIP will be treated as any other equity investment.
Along with the investment component of ULIP, it is also important to remember that a ULIP is a life insurance policy. The ULIP tax benefits apply to both investments and life insurance. In case of your sudden demise, the nominee receives the death benefit. The death benefit is completely exempt from taxes under Section 10 (10D) of the Income Tax Act.
ULIP is a tax-saving plan that allows you to accomplish your two financial goals easily. You can build an exponential corpus for your future while keeping your loved ones secure.