Health

Advances in artificial intelligence threaten health data privacy: Study

Los Angeles: Advances in synthetic intelligence (AI) have created new threats to the privateness of health data, a study has found. The study, published within the magazine JAMA Network Open, suggests modern-day laws and regulations are nowhere near sufficient to preserve a person’s fitness status non-public within the face of AI development.

The research led with the aid of professor Anil Aswani from the University of California – Berkeley in the US, suggests that by using the usage of AI, it’s far feasible to become aware of people by means of gaining knowledge of each day styles in step information like that collected through pastime trackers, smartwatches and smartphones, and correlating it to demographic records.

The mining of years’ well worth of information protecting over 15,000 Americans brought about the belief that the privateness requirements associated with 1996’s HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) law need to be revisited and transformed. “We wanted to use NHANES (the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) to look at privacy questions because this information is a consultant of the diverse populace inside the US,” Aswani said.

“The consequences factor out the first-rate trouble. If you strip all the identifying records, it does now not defend you as a lot as you would think. Someone else can come returned and put all of it returned collectively if they have the proper kind of information,” Aswani said. “In principle, you may imagine Facebook accumulating step records from the app in your telephone, then buying fitness care records from another enterprise and matching the two,” he stated.

“Now they would have health care records this is matched to names, and they could both begin selling marketing primarily based on that or they could promote the facts to others,” stated Aswani. The hassle isn’t always with the devices, however with how the facts the devices capture can be misused and doubtlessly offered at the open market. “I’m now not saying we ought to abandon these devices,” he said.

“But we want to be very cautious approximately how we are using these statistics. We want to defend the records. If we will try this, it’s miles an internet high quality,” Aswani stated. Though the observe especially looked at step data, Aswani said the outcomes advocate a broader hazard to the privateness of fitness facts. “HIPAA rules make your health care person, but they do not cover as much as you suspect,” he stated.
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